About Andaman and Nicobar Islands:

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, located in the east of the Indian mainland geographically, float in splendid isolation in the Bay of Bengal.

Once a hill range extending from Myanmar to Indonesia, these picturesque undulating islands, islets numbering around 556, are covered with dense damp and evergreen forests and endless varieties of exotic flora and fauna. Most of these islands are in the Andaman Group, 24 of which are inhabited.

In the Nicobar group 13 islands are inhabited. The Andaman and Nicobars are separated by the Ten Degree Channel which is 150 Kms. wide. These islands also boast of freedom fighting days, historically significant landmarks viz. Cellular Jail, Ross Island, Viper Island, Hopetown and Mount Harriet.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands have been declared as two of the 218 endemic bird area of the world. As many as 270 species and sub-species of birds have been reported existing in these islands, 106 of them being endemic.

General Information

Place Andaman & Nicobar Islands (UT)
Capital Portblair
Total Islands 556
Inhabited Islands 37
Population 3,56,256 (2001 Census)
Principal Languages Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam, telugu
Mean Minimum Temperature at Port Blair 24.6°C
Mean Maximum Temperature at Port Blair 31.3°C
Distance between Port Blair & Chennai by sea 1190 Kms
Distance between Port Blair & Kolkata sea 1255 Kms
National Parks 09
Wildlife sanctuaries 96
State animal Dugong (Dugong dugon)
State Bird Andaman Wood Pigeon (Columbapalumboides)
State Tree Andaman padauk (pterocarpus dalbergiodes)
Five primitive tribal groups Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, Sentinelese, Shompens


Andaman has a moderate temperature all through the year within the range of 23°C to 31°C. It has a tropical climate. There are no severe climate conditions except for tropical storms and rains in late summers and monsoons.


Summers (March to May) are warm but pleasant with sea breeze and have humidity level about 80%. It is suitable for all kinds of tourist activities.


Monsoon season is also recommended for visit to Andaman & Nicobar Islands as tourist can have more options both indoors and outdoors. There is no water logging or traffic jams. The lush green vegetation and scenic beauty of the islands are more predominant in monsoon. Monsoons (May to August) and Post Monsoons (September to November) accompany medium to heavy rain falls.


winters (December to February) are not chilly and ideal for sightseeing.

Best time to visit Andaman is from October to May.

June to September is prone to heavy rains.

October to May is ideal for sightseeing and also to engage in water sports activities.